"It is forbidden, sell, put in the market or add in foods in the market or give for any reason or use fresh milk for the direct alimentary consume or for the production of dairy foods with the addiction of powdered milk or other milks conserved with any chemical treatment or concentrated."
These are the words expressed by the Legge 11 aprile 1974, n.138 about the use of powdered milk in the dairy products for our alimentation. A law that has always been follow by Italian dairymen, but that in these days has become object of many discussions.
The reason of the intense controversies concerns the recent decision by the European Union to allow the use of the notorious powdered and condensed milk to realize the national dairy products, revoking the Law of 1974, which instead would avoid the "free circulation of merchandise".
And this is how, after years and years of attention for the quality of raw materials, that Italian manufacturers could probabily obtain a quite unfair competition, which would enlarge the economic choice of consumers, but actually it is in favour of international lobbies.
The reason? With one kilogram of powdered milk we can obtain ten liters of liquid milk, with very low costs, differently for a liter of "real" milk, more healthy and tasteful.
In these times of crisis, certainly the most part of consumers would prefer to limit the great quality in favour of saving, preferring mozzarella and cheeses at a lower price, made with powdered milk.
There are many protests, with many producers and consumers who want to defend the Italian genuineness and our health. Food associations as Slow Food, politicians as the Minister Maurizio Martina, the national associan for agriculture Coldiretti and many other names continue to fight to prevent this decision of the European Union.
Fortunately, the manufacturers of PDO and PGI cheeses can relax, because the rule cannot be applied to these products, which are controlled by a specific Regulation.